throat cancer

throat cancer
Cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

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  • Throat cancer — may refer to:*Head and neck cancer, a group of biologically similar cancers originating from the upper aerodigestive tract, including the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx *Esophageal cancer,… …   Wikipedia

  • pharyngeal cancer — Cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Pharyngeal cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • tongue cancer — Cancer that begins in the tongue. When the cancer begins in the front two thirds of the tongue, it is considered to be a type of oral cavity cancer; when the cancer begins in the back third of the tongue, it is considered to be a type of… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • throat — The hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (the tube that goes to the stomach). The throat is about 5 inches long, depending on body size. Also called the pharynx …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • throat —   Pu u, pu umoni, pu umoni ai, kani ā ī.     Front of throat, puana ī.     Sore throat, pu u eha, pu upau.     Throat irritation, ako.     Throat cancer, pu upau …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • esophageal cancer — Cancer that forms in tissues lining the esophagus (the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach). Two types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the esophagus) and …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • thyroid cancer — Cancer that forms in the thyroid gland (an organ at the base of the throat that makes hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight). Four main types of thyroid cancer are papillary, follicular, medullary,… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Cancer, esophagus — Cancer of the swallowing tube that passes from the throat to the stomach. The risk of cancer of the esophagus is increased by long term irritation of the esophagus, such as with smoking, heavy alcohol intake, and Barrett’s esophagitis.… …   Medical dictionary

  • hypopharyngeal cancer — Cancer that forms in tissues of the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the throat). The most common type is squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the hypopharynx) …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • laryngeal cancer — Cancer that forms in tissues of the larynx (area of the throat that contains the vocal cords and is used for breathing, swallowing, and talking). Most laryngeal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

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