PKU. An inherited disorder that causes a build-up of phenylalanine (an amino acid) in the blood. This can cause mental retardation, behavioral and movement problems, seizures, and delayed development. Using a blood test, PKU can easily be found in newborns, and treatment is a diet low in phenylalanine. Also called PKU.

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  • phenylketonuria — phenylketonuria. См. болезнь Феллинга. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • phenylketonuria — [fen΄əl kēt΄ə noor′ē ə, fen΄əl kēt΄ōnyoor′ē ə; fē΄nəlkēt΄ō noor′ē ə, fē΄nəlkēt΄ō nyoor ē ə] n. [ PHENYL + KETONURIA] a genetic disorder of phenylalanine metabolism, which, if untreated, causes severe mental retardation in infants through the… …   English World dictionary

  • Phenylketonuria — PKU redirects here. For other uses, see PKU (disambiguation). Phenylketonuria Classification and external resources ICD 10 E70.0 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • phenylketonuria — phenylketonuric, adj. /fen l kee toh noor ee euh, nyoor , feen /, n. Pathol. an inherited disease due to faulty metabolism of phenylalanine, characterized by phenylketones in the urine and usually first noted by signs of mental retardation in… …   Universalium

  • phenylketonuria — Autosomal recessively inherited inborn error of metabolism of phenylalanine characterized by deficiency of 1) phenylalanine hydroxylase [MIM*261600] caused by mutation in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene ( …   Medical dictionary

  • Phenylketonuria —    (PKU)    In 1934, Norwegian biochemist Ivor Asbjorn Folling (1888–1973) discovered, in research published in Hoppe Seyler’s Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie, that a cause of mental retardation one of the so called inborn errors of… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • phenylketonuria — n. an inherited defect of protein metabolism (see inborn error of metabolism) causing an excess of the amino acid phenylalanine in the blood, which damages the nervous system and leads to severe mental retardation. Screening of newborn infants by …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • phenylketonuria — noun Etymology: New Latin, from International Scientific Vocabulary phenyl + ketone + New Latin uria Date: 1935 an inherited metabolic disorder caused by an enzyme deficiency resulting in accumulation of phenylalanine and its metabolites in the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • phenylketonuria — Congenital absence of phenylalanine hydroxylase (an enzyme that converts phenylalanine into tyrosine). Phenylalanine accumulates in blood and seriously impairs early neuronal development. The defect can be controlled by diet and is not serious if …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • phenylketonuria — noun a metabolic disorder in which individuals lack the liver enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) which is needed to metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine Syn: PKU …   Wiktionary

  • phenylketonuria — n. hereditary disease in which the body does not produce the enzyme needed to break down phenylalanine (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

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