parenteral nutrition

parenteral nutrition
A form of nutrition that is delivered into a vein. Parenteral nutrition does not use the digestive system. It may be given to people who are unable to absorb nutrients through the intestinal tract because of vomiting that won't stop, severe diarrhea, or intestinal disease. It may also be given to those undergoing high-dose chemotherapy or radiation and bone marrow transplantation. It is possible to give all of the protein, calories, vitamins and minerals a person needs using parenteral nutrition. Also called hyperalimentation, total parenteral nutrition, and TPN.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

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  • parenteral nutrition — administration of nutriment intravenously …   Medical dictionary

  • Total parenteral nutrition — (TPN), is the practice of feeding a person intravenously, bypassing the usual process of eating and digestion. The person receives nutritional formulas containing salts, glucose, amino acids, lipids and added vitamins.General usageTotal… …   Wikipedia

  • total parenteral nutrition — TPN. A form of nutrition that is delivered into a vein. Total parenteral nutrition does not use the digestive system. It may be given to people who are unable to absorb nutrients through the intestinal tract because of vomiting that won t stop,… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • total parenteral nutrition — noun administration of a nutritionally adequate solution through a catheter into the vena cava; used in cases of long term coma or severe burns or severe gastrointestinal syndromes • Syn: ↑TPN, ↑hyperalimentation • Hypernyms: ↑feeding,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Total parenteral nutrition — Intravenous feeding that provides a patient with all of the fluid and the essential nutrients they need when they are unable to feed themselves by mouth. Often referred to by its acronym, TPN. * * * (TPN) the intravenous administration of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • total parenteral nutrition — Med. intravenous administration of a solution of essential nutrients to patients unable to ingest food, esp. in cases of severe gastrointestinal or malabsorption disorders or prolonged coma. Abbr.: TPN Also called hyperalimentation. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nutrition — 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing substance, such as nutritional solutions delivered to hospitalized patients via an IV or IG tube. * * * 1. A function of living plants and animals, consisting in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • parenteral alimentation — see under nutrition …   Medical dictionary

  • parenteral — [pə rɛnt(ə)r(ə)l] adjective Medicine (chiefly of nutrition) involving another part of the body than the mouth and alimentary canal. Often contrasted with enteral. Derivatives parenterally adverb Origin early 20th cent.: from para 1 + Gk enteron… …   English new terms dictionary

  • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) — The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) is an interdisciplinary organization whose members are involved in the provision of clinical nutrition therapies, including parenteral and enteral nutrition. =About ASPEN=The… …   Wikipedia

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